Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is a national law that protects qualified individuals from discrimination based on their disability. Where a student may not qualify for an IEP, Section 504 Plans can be implemented to provide reasonable accommodations for the child and adjustments to her courses.
FAPE Under Section 504
Whereas IDEA indicates that students with disabilities have the right to a free appropriate public education, FAPE, under the IDEA umbrella, focuses on the individualized, unique needs of the student.
Under Section 504, FAPE is concerned with comparing the education of students with disabilities to those without them.
Examples of Disabilities Under Section 504:
Physical or mental impairment, which substantially limits one or more major life activities, such as walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, working, performing manual tasks, and learning. Some examples of impairments which may substantially limit major life activities, even with the help of medication or aids/devices, are: AIDS, blindness or visual impairment, cancer, deafness or hearing impairment, diabetes, drug addiction, heart disease, and mental illness.
Find out more at http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/civilrights/resources/factsheets/504.pdf